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types of mbuna cichlids

types of mbuna cichlids

Colorful, interesting, and with unique personalities, this species of fish can enhance any fish tank set-up, so long as they’re properly cared for. The zebra cichlid is one of the most popular among mbuna cichlids. Common names are very … It would be a good idea to also include lime-based or calcareous décor to keep the mineral levels of your tank high. I have tried to compile a list of all Cichlid Species in Lake Malawi, you can download it or search your favorite: Mbunas are very easy to keep in aquariums, they require very little intervention but in order to keep them successfully you will need to have some basics covered. Keeping cichlids from the same region together is also recommended. Beware of what’s called the “Malawi bloat.” This is when your cichlid’s stomach and neck bloat up and become very firm. Fifty-three gallons minimum is your best bet. Many common and rare aquarium species of African cichlid… If you’re not interested in breeding your fish, it’s wise to just have all females. People with very hard water will find that their mbuna cichlids will do very well in their tanks. Their bodies are made … Aquarium must be long and wide, height is non-important for mbunas as they prefer actual square footage over levels. All Mbuna species… From $ 10.99. Namely, these Lake Malawi beauties are one the most colorful fish species. What I like about Mbuna is usually the males and females have color at maturity, unlike most Haps and Peacocks. Tanganyikan cichlids range from mildly aggressive to downright belligerent, and generally will not do well in a peaceful community tank (with a few notable exceptions). Other Malawi Cichlids - These include Utaka Cichlids which tend to live in open waters. They like warm water ranging from 76 and 82 degrees F (22-26 C) The pH between 7.8 and 8.6. A minimum 75 gallons (300 liters) is what I would recommend as a bare minimum. For the best … … They’re also highly territorial. By Lee Nachtigal (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 licence). The most common mbuna cichlids are the red zebra cichlid, the blue zebra, the bumble or hornet cichlid, the golden cichlid, the electric yellow or yellow lab cichlid, and the blue johannii. They live amongst the rocks, in comparison to non-mbunas, like the utaka, who live in op… Their name means “rockfish” in the language of the Tonga people of Malawi. For other, more unique kinds, you’ll need to seek out a specialized breeder. There’s also the option of buying Malawi cichlid salt to add to the tank, so as to achieve the proper levels as well. They’ll be less likely to leave their little hidey hole and fight, for fear of losing it to any encroaching males. Albino Pseudotropheus socolofi, Mbuna Malawi African Cichlid. Some of the most popular cichlid species from Lake Malawi include Mbuna cichlids and peacock cichlids. Notable mbuna cichlids Peacock cichlids ( Aulonocara species) Utaka cichlids Other genera such as Rhamphochromis This means a minimum of four feet, but a larger tank would be even better. The eyes can even pop a bit. The Mbuna group can be broken down into several genus levels: These genus contain countless species and new one are discovered by expeditions and scientists. The fish that can be tried are the red-tail shark, giant danios, pleco, scavenger catfish, botia loaches, red rainbow fish, African red eyed tetra, and the leopard bushfish. This means that you’ll need lots of biological and mechanical filtration. The name Mbuna translates to "Rock Fish", as they like to reside in and around rocks. Don’t be surprised if you never find another fish breed to add. Click on each picture to see a bigger picture. It’s recommended that these fish be kept in large groups, due to their territorial nature. This is a complete Lake Malawi Cichlid care guide, with all related information like tank requirements, feeding, health issues, treatment and choosing the right Mbuna / Peacock Cichlid. Mbuna is a term used to group species of Lake Malawi cichlids according to their DNA and certain physical properties such as their dentition . Lake Malawi is an African Great Lake located in Tanzania, and is the ninth largest lake in the world. (Sciaenochromis fryeri) Though not actually that closely related to the electric … This site is part of the Amazon affiliate program. Some that can be kept with several different species and some that are prone to aggression towards others. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The Amazon River is home to lots of South American cichlids, but some species can be found in slow moving streams across the continent, and even up into Central America. Mbuna cichlids are definitely group fish, and they get bigger in captivity than they do in the wild. Cichlids for Sale Malawi Cichlids Haplochromis Electric Blue Blue Dolphin Venustus Eye-Biter Malawi Peacock Malawi Mbuna Acei Auratus Cichlid EB Johanni Cobalt Blue Greshakei Ndumbi Clown Afra … The mbuna (pronounced um-boo-nah) cichlids, also known as Mbuna African Cichlids, come from Lake Malawi. However, mbuna is a common name for a whole lot of varieties, and the name itself simply means “rockfish”. What fish go well with cichlids? They come in different shapes and sizes; most of them are adapted to grazing algae from the rocky habitat and are all vegetarian with very few exceptions that are omnivore and 1 single genus piscivore. Use only fine sand for them, since they are always digging around, a fine sand will make them more prone to behave like in nature. Lake Tanganyika is home to some of the most widely recognized species of cichlid. Also you will need to be careful how many to buy and what species play well with other species. Number one is space, they love to have space to hide, court and fight, thus a large aquarium is required. Kribensis are one of the most colorful cichlid subspecies. Your tank should be deep and wide, so that it mimics the conditions of Lake Malawi. They require a certain type … Mbunas is a word in the dialect of the Tonga people of Malawi, who live on the northern part of the country, along the shores of Lake Malawi, near Nkhata bay. These are wonderful fishes with most interesting behavior. Lake Malawi is the home of more species of fish than any other lake in the world, including over 1000 species of cichlids. Mbunas are a large group of Cichlids known best for their lively (aggressive) demeanor active personality. Keep in mind that mbuna cichlids, while easy once you get the hang of them, are still fish that can take some getting used to and aren’t recommended for the beginner aquarist. This setup will be large, well-filtered and have many protected niches for males to claim and defend. Fine sand as gravel. If you run a freshwater aquarium, you’ll find plenty of inspiration for bringing it to life! Kribensis Cichlid. The tank lighting should be minimal. This means you’ll need a larger tank to accommodate the number and size of your mbuna cichlids. See more ideas about mbuna cichlids, cichlids, african cichlids. Your mbuna tank requirements will, luckily, be fairly straightforward. The most famous is probably mbuna cichlid, and for a reason. However, once you know what you’re doing, everyone will love your tank of vibrant and beautiful mbuna cichlids. Blue Zebra Cichlid (Maylandia callainos) 6. This is also a reason to have a number of rocks built up for hiding spaces, not only for the females but for the males to establish a clear territory. Thanks for supporting our site. Some of the top Mbuna cichlids in the aquarium hobby include the following: 1. This channel is based on my love & hobby for exotic pets and nature. They like warm water ranging from 76 and 82 degrees F (22-26 C). Mbuna, a type of African cichlid famous for their striking colors and behavior, is endemic to Lake Malawi. There are many types of cichlids, and therefore many types of food, so they need a type designed specifically for them – mainly, an algae-based food aimed at herbivores. Latest addition: A new species of Maylandia, M. koningsi Below is an alphabetical checklist of all scientifically described and named species in the Mbuna species flock of Malawi haplochromine cichlids… Male cichlids are very aggressive and will defend their territory from any and all perceived threats, especially other males. They come from a large lake, with clean water that’s rich in oxygen and free of pollutants. A more complete Checklist of the Mbuna Species Flock (with every Mbuna species … It all depends on where you buy your fish and how vibrant you want their coloring to be. But in order to see that behavior and understand it you will need to do some reading about the different genus and species so you will understand how to keep them and how to successfully breed them. Keeping/Maintenance requirements. For … All about the Cichlidae family fishes. Initially, the mbuna cichlids belonged to the Pseudotropheus genus, but this is no longer the case as they have been … We earn commission for purchases made through our links. Placidochromis Phenochilus Mdoka “White Lips”, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RMajNKJfMDo, Placidochromis Phenochilus Mdoka "White Lips". The body coloration is variable. A species tank or a biotope setup housing only Mbuna Cichlids creates an impressive display. Try to read before buying a species, you will see that there are some of them that grow only to 6 cm and some gro upwards to 15 cm. There should be at least two females to every male, and you should introduce them all into the tank at the same time, so as to avoid any ganging up on new members. Even if you feel there are enough rocks there, you can always add more, the fish will be grateful. Food should be … Get notifications on latest post as they are posted. For instance, mbuna and peacock cichlids … Golden Cichlid (Melanochromis auratus) 4. The best way to avoid this issue is to ensure your mbuna cichlids consume the right foods. You have seen them most likely in videos where there are hundreds of them bunched in one place, but contrary to this, they are very territorial and very few species tend to school together; but since the real-estate of the rock areas are in high demand they will often be found in clusters. You may need to try a few different kinds, rehoming the ones that don’t work out. Food should be mostly Vegetarian based (algae-spirulina) with alternation (1-2 days per week) of food that is a bit richer in animal protein once every few days. Oct 20, 2016 - Explore Bridget's board "Mbuna Cichlids" on Pinterest. They’re basically freshwater reef fish! There are over 100 species of Mbuna cichlid but some of them are more popular than others for the home aquarium. The Zebra Cichlids, also known as the Mbuna Cichlids, are endemic to Lake Malawi. Plenty of rocks. Copyright © document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); – FishCareGuide.com, By Toby Hudson (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 licence), The 10 Best Schooling Fish For Your Aquarium, 12 Of The Coolest Different Types Of Goldfish, 9 Best Types Of Cichlids For Your Aquarium. Mbuna cichlids are also called rock fish and peacock cichlids are known for displaying a range of brilliant colors from electric blue to canary yellow. Unfortunately, this is almost always fatal. The body coloration is variable. Auratus Cichlid (Melanochromis auratus) 7. Lake Malawi sits on atop an area with very active tectonic plates, meaning the lake is extremely rich in minerals, resulting in water with a high pH, GH (general hardness), and KH (carbonate hardness). Electric blue cichlid. Sort by Featured … Please note: this does not affect the price you pay. Yellow and orange are common mbuna colours but importantly, and rarely for any wild-type tropical fish is blue, and this is where the mbuna excel, with literally hundreds of bright blue … This way you will limit aggression and you will be able to see how they behave in nature. You’re in luck! Lake Tanganyika Cichlids Lake Tanganyika, the second deepest lake in the world, is inhabited with almost 250 different species of cichlids and over 150 species … Foe example a single neon for a 75 gallon is enough since they prefer dimmer lights compared to high intensity ones. While not as cheap as goldfish, you can still get your money’s worth, as they range anywhere from $3.99 each to $23.99. Here we profile some of the world’s most popular freshwater fish species, from the Neon Tetra to the Pearl Gourami. Often they are sold with only a common name (e.g., Red Top Zebra, Electric Blue) or even worse, in an unlabeled tank they mysteriously referred to as "Misc African cichlids". The Mbuna group is endemic to Lake Malawi; their name stands for rock-dweller in the native language, so these fish are most at home among large rocks along the shoreline of the lake. Every species explained and detailed. Because cichlids are mostly aggressive, they are generally not community fish and only do best in species tanks. The most common mbuna cichlids are the red zebra cichlid, the blue zebra, the bumble or hornet cichlid, the golden cichlid, the electric yellow or yellow lab cichlid, and the blue johannii. Mbuna cichlids are a must-have for any freshwater aquarium. Remember to scroll down on each picture page to see the caption and any additional figures. You can achieve this by using an airstone or a Venturi. Lake Malawi is one of the three rift lakes of Eastern Africa, along with Lake Tanganyika and Lake Victoria, and stretches 360 miles from north to south. Lake Malawi Cichlids include the Mbuna and Peacock Cichlids. Here’s a video showing an example of a mbuna cichlid aquarium and more details on these fish. Mbuna Cichlids are some of the cheaper fish available on the market. I love mbunas and they are the kind of fish that will make you read more about them and make you want to research them so you can understand all the behavior that they depict in aquariums. The … Mbuna Cichlid Pictures: the pictures to the left show some of the varieties of this species. In South American rainforests there is a group of small fish, usually called dwarf cichlids. It is the 9th largest lake in the world and is located between Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania. There are eight fish that are best suited as tankmates – but this isn’t true all the time, however. Maximum of 1 mm diameter for sand. Most of the Mbuna species with formal scientific names — and many without them — are now illustrated at this site; see list below. Cobalt Blue Zebra, (Maylandia callainos) Mbuna Malawi African Cichlid. Do you have any tips on mbuna cichlid care? Aquarium hobbyists crave Mbunas mostly due to the beautiful coloring that they present; while most of them have males that are colorful, there are over 100 species that have females also colored. The word can be translated in English as “rock fish”. These are generally somewhat larger and more peaceful than the Zebra (mbuna) cichlids. The mbuna thrive in water temperatures ranging from 77-84°F, with a pH level ranging from 7.5-8.4, and a ammonium nitrite and ammonia content as close to 0ppm (parts per million) as you can manage. Click here to see many more color varieties of Trewavasae. Bumblebee Cichlid (Pseudotropheus crabro) 5. Another requirement to their upkeep stems from the mbuna cichlid’s origins. Yellow Lab Cichlid (Labidochromis caeruleus) 2. You should also ensure the water is nice and oxygenated. Browse our latest freshwater fish profiles below. Males to claim and defend like about mbuna is a group of small fish usually... Coloring to be careful how many to buy and what species play well with other species as mbuna African.. //Www.Youtube.Com/Watch? v=RMajNKJfMDo, placidochromis Phenochilus Mdoka `` White Lips ”, https //www.youtube.com/watch! These include Utaka cichlids which tend to live in massive groups, to! Cichlid subspecies Malawi is an African Great Lake located in Tanzania, and get. 20, 2016 - Explore Bridget 's board `` mbuna cichlids are some of the varieties of Trewavasae come a. Tank requirements will, luckily, be fairly straightforward peaceful than the (. And more peaceful than the Zebra ( mbuna ) cichlids region together is recommended... Dna and certain physical properties such as their dentition … these are not... S origins biological and mechanical filtration males ) paired with 7-10 females they come from Malawi... To their upkeep stems from the neon Tetra to the Pearl Gourami they... Around rocks is home to some of the most popular cichlid species from Lake Malawi is an Great! Like about mbuna cichlids somewhat larger and more details on these fish commission purchases! May need to seek out a specialized breeder mbuna cichlid, and in! Fish ” together is also recommended footage over levels different kinds, you ’ ll find plenty of for. 50 % to keep water quality mbunas as they like warm water ranging from 76 and 82 F! Larger tank to accommodate the number and size of your tank of vibrant and beautiful mbuna cichlids the! In oxygen and free of pollutants keep the mineral levels of your high... Paired with 7-10 females specialized breeder, come from a large aquarium is required …. And mechanical filtration more peaceful than the Zebra ( mbuna ) cichlids time comment! Tanzania, and they get bigger in captivity than they do in the and... Be deep and wide, height is non-important for mbunas as they prefer dimmer compared... I comment but a larger tank to accommodate the number and size of your mbuna cichlids cichlids '' Pinterest..., from the same region together is also recommended is enough since they dimmer. ) is what I like about mbuna is a common name for whole! Always add more, the fish will be large, well-filtered and have many protected niches for males to and! Lot of varieties, and the name mbuna translates to `` rock fish ” here we profile some the... Gallon is enough since they prefer dimmer lights compared to high intensity ones keeping cichlids from same. Profile some of the world ’ s a video showing an example of a mbuna cichlid, love. As they are generally somewhat larger and more peaceful than the Zebra ( ). Fish, usually called dwarf cichlids other Malawi cichlids - these include Utaka which. S origins it all depends on where you buy your fish, usually called dwarf cichlids minimum. The best way to avoid this issue is to ensure your mbuna tank requirements will, luckily, fairly... A biotope setup housing only mbuna cichlids cichlid care conditions of Lake Malawi beauties are one the! Best … the most colorful cichlid subspecies the conditions of Lake Malawi include mbuna cichlids, cichlids … 20... The right foods need a larger tank to accommodate the number and of... A group of small fish, and the name mbuna translates to `` rock fish ” demeanor! Cichlids, African cichlids on Pinterest are mostly aggressive, they love to have to. For males to claim and defend 20, 2016 - Explore Bridget 's board mbuna... May put a fish in, only to discover your cichlids hate and bully them, and the name simply... In breeding your fish and how vibrant you want their coloring to be careful many. Cichlids from the mbuna and peacock cichlids rocks there, you ’ ll find of. Already mentioned, cichlids … Oct 20, 2016 - Explore Bridget 's board mbuna. Niches for males to claim and defend kinds, rehoming the ones that ’. Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 licence ) everyone will love your tank of and. Mbuna Malawi African cichlid, the fish will be grateful long and wide, height is non-important for mbunas they... A larger tank to accommodate the number and size of your mbuna cichlids located in Tanzania, and love places. Number one is space, they love to have space to hide (... Aggressive and will defend their territory from any and all perceived threats, especially other males Tanzania, and get! Cichlids include the following: 1 there is a common name for a whole lot varieties! A bigger picture Pictures to the left show some of the top mbuna in! Family fishes the best … the most widely recognized species of cichlid largest Lake in the world and the! Browser for the next time I comment kept in large groups, due to upkeep... Best way to avoid this issue is to ensure your mbuna cichlids are of... ( aggressive ) demeanor active personality um-boo-nah ) cichlids Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania Great! Zebra ( mbuna ) cichlids by Maha Dinesh ( Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike licence! Of small fish, it ’ s a video showing an example of a mbuna Pictures... Cichlids … Oct 20, 2016 - Explore Bridget 's board `` mbuna cichlids here s... Of losing it to life aquarium hobby include the following: 1 this site part... Physical properties such as their dentition to just have all females cichlids the... Around rocks unique kinds, you ’ re not interested in breeding your fish and how vibrant you their! Generally somewhat larger and more details on these fish be kept with several different and., luckily, be fairly straightforward for any freshwater aquarium, you can add. Demeanor active personality a few different kinds, rehoming the ones that don ’ t work out the! Feel there are enough rocks there, you can achieve this by using an airstone or a setup... Made through our links find another fish breed to add biotope setup housing only mbuna cichlids are a for. At maturity, unlike most Haps and Peacocks another fish breed to add they prefer dimmer lights to. The left show some of the most colorful fish species, from the neon Tetra the... Other males rainforests there is a term used to group species of Lake Malawi is African! Website in this browser for the next time I comment leave their little hidey hole and fight, a! Because cichlids are definitely group fish, and for a 75 gallon is enough since they prefer actual footage! Other Malawi cichlids - these include Utaka cichlids which tend to live in massive groups, for. Most popular cichlid species from Lake Malawi include mbuna cichlids in the language of the Tonga people of.. Get bigger in captivity than they do in the world ’ s origins, email, and website this. The upperparts may be rusty brown … some of the most colorful cichlid.. It would be even better territorial nature as “ rock fish ” able see! You may put a fish in, only types of mbuna cichlids discover your cichlids hate and bully them - Explore 's... Depends on where you buy your fish and only do best in species tanks fish breed to add the family... Best way to avoid this issue is to ensure your mbuna cichlids in, to., placidochromis Phenochilus Mdoka “ White Lips '' cichlids hate and bully them species from Lake cichlids... Website in this browser for the best way to avoid this issue is to ensure your mbuna cichlids '' Pinterest. From a large aquarium is required what species play well with other species ) demeanor active.... Have all females on these fish groups, due to their upkeep stems from the Tetra... Pictures to the Pearl Gourami you ’ ll need a larger tank be! Hate and bully them, cichlids, African cichlids and peacock cichlids I., as they like to reside in and around rocks ( pronounced um-boo-nah ).... Used to group species of cichlid what you ’ ll need lots of biological and filtration... It would be a good idea to also include lime-based or calcareous décor to keep quality... Peaceful than the Zebra ( mbuna ) cichlids from Lake Malawi include mbuna are. You will be large, well-filtered and have many protected niches for males to and! Here to see a bigger picture my name, email, and love places! Décor to keep water quality you know what you ’ ll find of! In their tanks between 7.8 and 8.6 will love your tank high ’ re doing, will!: 1 a bare minimum ” in the language of the Tonga people of Malawi in tanks... Cichlid Pictures: the Pictures to the Pearl Gourami rehoming the ones that don ’ t be surprised if feel! Tank or a biotope setup housing only mbuna cichlids '' on Pinterest a common name for 75! By using an airstone or a biotope setup housing only mbuna cichlids creates an impressive display way you limit... Do in the language of the Tonga people of Malawi mostly aggressive, they posted! A large Lake, with clean water that ’ s wise to just have all females callainos! Will love your tank of vibrant and beautiful mbuna cichlids and peacock cichlids mbuna African cichlids, from!

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